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Ferric chloride (Iron (III) chloride)

Ferric chloride (Iron (III) chloride)
Ferric chloride (Iron (III) chloride)
Product Code : Ferric chloride (Iron (III) chloride)
Product Description

Iron (III) chloride, also called ferric chloride, is an industrial scale commodity chemical, with the formula FeCl3. The colour of iron (III) chloride crystals depends on the viewing angle: by reflected light the crystals appear dark green, but by transmitted light they appear purple-red. Anhydrous iron (III) chloride is deliquescent, forming hydrated hydrogen chloride mists in moist air. It is rarely observed in its natural form, mineral molysite, known mainly from some fumaroles.

Uses:-

  • In industrial application, iron(III) chloride is used in sewage treatment and drinking water production.
  •  In the laboratory iron(III) chloride is commonly employed as a Lewis acid for catalyzing reactions such as chlorination of aromatic compounds and Friedel-Crafts reaction of aromatics.
  • Used in anhydrous form as a drying reagent in certain reactions.

Specification:-

Table 1 Requirement For ferric chloride (Iron (III) chloride) (Clause 3.2)

SI no

Characteristic

Requirement for

Method of Test, (Ref to clause No. in Appendix A)

Anhydrous

Hydrated

Liquid

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

i)

*Relative density at 250/250 C, Min

---

---

1.46

A-2

ii)

Ferric chloride ( as Fecl3), per by weight

98

59

43

A-3

iii)

Free acid (HCL), percent by weight , Max or Basicity (as Fe2O3), percent by weight , Max

---

---

0.03

0.03

0.02

0.2

A-4

A-4

iv)

Ferrous salts (as FeCl2), percent by weight , Max

0.1

0.1

0.1

A-5

v)

Insoluble matter, percent by weight , Max

0.5

0.2

0.05

A-6

vi)

Free chlorine (as Cl), percent by weight , Max

0.01

0.01

0.01

A-7

vii)

Sulphates (as SO4) , percent by weight , Max

0.3

0.3

0.3

A-8

viii)

Nitrates (as NO3), percent by weight , Max

0.05

0.05

0.05

A-9

ix)

Alkalis and alkaline earth (expressed as sulphates), percent by weight , Max

0.3

0.3

0.2

A-10

x)

Copper as (Cu), percent by weight ,Max

0.015

0.015

0.015

A-11

xi)

Zinc (as Zn), percent by weight ,Max

0.01

0.01

0.01

A-12

xii)

Arsenic (as As2O3), percent by weight ,Max

0.0005
(5 parts per million)

0.0003
(3 parts per million)

0.0002
(2 parts per million)

A-13


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